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by Dr. C. L. Cagan

A sermon preached at the Baptist Tabernacle of Los Angeles
Saturday Evening, October 10, 2015

“[Adam was] the figure [Greek tupos, type] of him that was to come [Christ]”
(Romans 5:14).

The Bible says that Adam, the first man, was the “figure” of Christ. The Greek word translated “figure” is tupos. We get the English word type from it. Adam was a type of Christ.

What is a type? What does it mean? A type is a person or thing in the Old Testament that pictures or represents a higher fulfillment in the New Testament, called the antitype. Adam was the type. Christ is the antitype.

There is always a connection between the type and the antitype. There is a connection between Adam and Christ. When Adam sinned he brought death to the whole human race – down to you and me. The Bible says, “by one man [Adam] sin entered into the world, and death by sin” (Romans 5:12). But Jesus Christ came to pay for sin and bring life to the human race – to you and to me. What Adam did, Christ came to undo. The Bible says, “For as by one man's [Adam’s] disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one [Christ] shall many be made righteous” (Romans 5:19). By His death on the Cross and the shedding of His Blood, Jesus cleanses the sin of all who trust Him.

There are many types of Christ in the Bible. Tonight I’m going to show you just two of them. These two types are very special, because they show us the sacrifice Christ made for your sin.

I. The first type – Isaac, the son offered for sacrifice.

Isaac was the son of Abraham. About two thousand years before Christ, God called Abraham. He promised Abraham that he would have a son even though his wife Sarah was too old. Isaac was born when Sarah was ninety years old. What a gift from God! Isaac grew and became a young man.

Then God tested the faith of Abraham. Did Abraham really trust Him? The Bible says, “And it came to pass...that God did tempt [test] Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am” (Genesis 22:1). The test was very hard. God told him,

Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of” (Genesis 22:2).

It must have seemed impossible. The son that God promised and had given by a miracle – the son Abraham loved – now God told Abraham to kill him? Why would God want that? Was He unreasonable? Was He cruel? It shook Abraham to the depths of his soul. But Abraham trusted God. The Bible says, “Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave [cut] the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him” (Genesis 22:3).

Abraham obeyed God even though he didn’t understand. He obeyed God even when it was very painful. He went up the mountain and got ready to sacrifice his son. “Abraham said unto his young men, Abide [stay] ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you, And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together” (Genesis 22:5-6). He was alone with his son.

Then Isaac asked a question which deepened his father’s agony. “Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” (Genesis 22:7). Even then Abraham answered in faith. He said, “My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together” (Genesis 22:8). They went up to the top of the mountain. “And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound [tied up] Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son” (Genesis 22:9-10).

Abraham was about to kill his son! He would have done it! But at the last moment God called out from Heaven,

“Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me” (Genesis 22:12).

Isaac was spared! And God told Abraham to kill a ram (an animal) as a sacrifice instead of Isaac. The test was over. Abraham’s faith was real! “Thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me” (Genesis 22:12). He was willing to give up his son.

This was not just a test of Abraham’s faith. What happened to Isaac was a type, a picture, of the greater sacrifice of Christ. Isaac was the type. Christ is the antitype. God let Abraham offer his son Isaac as a type, an illustration, of what He would do with His own Son, Jesus. God sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to die on the Cross as a sacrifice for your sin. The best known verse in the Bible is John 3:16. It says,

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (John 3:16).

Abraham loved his son Isaac. Yet he was willing to give him to death. God loved His Son, Jesus Christ, with an infinitely greater love. God the Father gave His Son to death – as a sacrifice for you. God called out to rescue Isaac. But He did nothing to stop the death of Jesus. On the Cross Jesus cried out, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46). God turned away from His own Son, for He could not look upon the Christ who was bearing your sin. God spared Isaac, but not His own Son Jesus. The Bible says,

“[God] spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all” (Romans 8:32).

Isaac was a young man offered for sacrifice, but spared. Jesus was the divine Son of God offered as a sacrifice, and not spared. In his Person and in His death, Christ stood far above Isaac. Isaac was the type. Christ is the antitype. In type and antitype, we see who Jesus was and what He did. He was the Son of God who died for you.

II. The second type – the Passover Lamb, whose blood stood between man and God.

The Passover Lamb was sacrificed in Egypt, more than 1,400 years before Christ. The Hebrew people were slaves. God was using His servant Moses to bring them out of Egypt. God had already sent nine plagues upon the Egyptians, but Pharaoh, their king, hardened his heart and would not let the Jewish people go.

Then God decided to send a tenth plague, the most terrible of all. He would send an angel of death to kill all the firstborn children in Egypt in one night. Then Pharaoh would let the people go. God said,

“I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt...I am the Lord” (Exodus 12:12).

God provided a way for the Hebrew people to escape this judgment. He said to Moses, “They shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house” (Exodus 12:3). This lamb was a type of Christ. And God said, “Your lamb shall be without blemish” (Exodus 12:5) – which was a type of Christ being without sin.

Each family was to take a lamb and kill it. God told them to put the blood of the lamb on the door of their houses. He said,

“They shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses” (Exodus 12:7).

This blood was a sign. When the death angel came, no one would die in that house. The Bible says,

“The blood shall be to you for a token [a sign] upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt” (Exodus 12:13).

It was simple. The judgment of God passed over the houses with the blood of a lamb, but killed the firstborn in the houses without that blood. Without the blood of a lamb – death. With the blood of a lamb – life.

The Bible says the Passover Lamb was a type of Christ. The Apostle Paul wrote, “Christ our passover is sacrificed for us” (I Corinthians 5:7). When John the Baptist saw Jesus, he said,

“Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world” (John 1:29).

And again, John the Baptist called out,

“Behold the Lamb of God!” (John 1:36).

Jesus is the Lamb of God. His Blood stands between you and God.

The Passover Lamb was a type. Christ is the antitype. The blood of the Passover Lamb protected the Jewish homes that night in Egypt. The Blood of Jesus will cover your sin forever, and save you from judgment for all time and all eternity.

Jesus is the sinless Lamb of God who shed His Blood for you. If you trust Jesus, His Blood cleanses your sin forever in the sight of God. You will be “justified by his blood” (Romans 5:9), pardoned by God because your sins are covered by Christ’s Blood. Listen to the words of great Spurgeon, the Prince of Preachers:

The world was lost; God must punish sin; He sent His Son to take our sin upon Him that He might honor the law of God, and establish God's government by being obedient to the law, and yielding Himself up to the death-penalty. He whom [God] loves beyond all else came to earth, became a man, and, as a man, was obedient unto death of the cross. It is He who is called... “the Lamb of God,” the one Sacrifice for man's sin. There is no putting away of sin without sacrifice; there is only one Sacrifice that can put away sin, and that is, Jesus Christ the righteous...He yielded up His life, “the Just for the unjust,” the Sinless for the sinful, “that He might bring us to God,” and reconcile us to the...Father...and whosoever believeth in Him shall live. Any man, the world over, who will trust himself to Christ, God's great Sacrifice, shall be saved, for... “He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life.” (C. H. Spurgeon, “The Lamb of God in Scripture,” preached August 25, 1889; Metropolitan Tabernacle Pulpit #2,329).

I pray that you will trust Jesus soon. Amen.

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by Dr. C. L. Cagan

“[Adam was] the figure [Greek tupos, type] of him that was to come [Christ]”
(Romans 5:14).

(Romans 5:12, 19)

I.   The first type – Isaac, the son offered for sacrifice, Genesis 22:1, 2, 3, 5-6,
Genesis 22:7, 8, 9-10, 12; John 3:16; Matthew 27:46; Romans 8:32.

II.  The second type – the Passover Lamb, whose blood stood between man
and God, Exodus 12:12, 3, 5, 7, 13; I Corinthians 5:7; John 1:29, 36;
Romans 5:9.